Justice System of Great Britain (Cистема судов Британии)
The justice system of Great Britain represents a hierarchy of courts, jurisdiction of which spreads on the whole territory of the United Kingdom and the Supreme Courts work in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The Supreme courts, jurisdiction of which spreads on the whole country, are the House of Lords and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
The House of Lords as a judicial body is mostly appeal in civil and criminal cases. The judicial system in England and Wales include: 1) The Court of Appeal, 2) the High Court and 3) the Crown Court, and 4) the courts of magistrates and county courts.
The Court of Appeal has appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal proceedings. Crown Court vested with exclusive jurisdiction over serious criminal offenses and limited jurisdiction civil mainly in cases of licensing.
Magistrates Courts - the lower courts, consisting of magistrates, which in most cases are not professional lawyers and do not receive material rewards for their activities. Magistrates Courts have criminal and civil jurisdiction. County courts - lower courts, organized on the basis of the material for the consideration of civil cases involving breach of contracts and offenses punishable by a duty to compensate the damage caused. The structure of county courts are district judges and recorders.
Thus, the judicial system in Britain is complex and structured.
Vocabulary hierarchy ['haɪə‚rɑ:rkɪ] - иерархия represent - представлять собой jurisdiction [ˏdʒυərɪsˊdɪkʃn] - юрисдикция Supreme Court - верховный суд Judicial Committee of the Privy Council - Судебный комитет тайного совета county courts - окружные суды consideration - рассмотрение